Artist Attribute: Steven L. Fornal

World Citizens' Declaration of Independence
As Amended From American Original

By Steven L. Fornal

WHEN, IN THE course of human events, it becomes necessary for human beings to dissolve political bonds which have connected them, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of Nature herself entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all human beings are created equal; that they are endowed with certain inalienable rights; that among these, are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among us, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that, whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established, should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, accordingly, all experience hath shown, that humans are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these peoples and nations, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present American empire, is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these peoples and nations of the Earth. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world:

The United States of America has refused to assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public good and has instead lessened protections to the people and increased probable harm. [GOOGLE SEARCH: Kyoto Protocol; Watered Down Environmental Laws; Inadequate National Health Insurance; Mining/Logging Federal Lands; U.S. 200 mile territorial waters claim; Increased Defense Spending]

The United States of America has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature: a right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. [GOOGLE SEARCH: Stolen Election; Federal Redistricting; Legislative Gerrymandering]

The United States of America has called together representatives at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with its measures. [GOOGLE SEARCH: Azores Conference; Camp David Accord; IMF Conditions]

The United States of America has sought to dissolve representative bodies repeatedly for opposing, with manly firmness, its invasions on the rights of the people. [GOOGLE SEARCH: Iraq Baath Party; Palestinian Authority; Chile Coup (1973); Guatemala Coup (1954); Iran Coup (1953); Italian Election/C.I.A. (1947)]

The United States of America has exposed the people and their sovereign nations to all the danger of invasion from without, and convulsions within. [GOOGLE SEARCH: U.S. Military In Afghanistan/Iraq/Iran/Saudi Arabia; U.S. Support for Nicaraguan Contras/El Salvadoran Death Squads/Argentinean "Dirty War"]

The United States of America has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing its assent to laws for establishing independent judiciary powers. [GOOGLE SEARCH: Litmus Test for Supreme Court Justices; Ideological Imperatives for Supreme Court Justices]

The United States of America has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers, to harass our people. [GOOGLE SEARCH: USA Patriot Act; Rebuilding Iraq; National Security Agency; Drug Enforcement Agency]

The United States of America has kept among us, in time of peace, standing armies, without the consent of our legislatures. [GOOGLE SEARCH: No Declaration of War/Operation Iraqi Freedom; No Declaration of War/Vietnam War; No Declaration of War/Korean War]

The United States of America has affected to render the military independent of, and superior to, the civil power. [GOOGLE SEARCH: PNAC "Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century"]

The United States of America has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our Constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving its assent to their acts of pretended legislation:

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: [GOOGLE SEARCH: U.S. Troops Abroad]

For protecting them by mock trial, from punishment, for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these nations: [GOOGLE SEARCH: Iran/Contra Hearings; U.S. Military Philippines Rape]

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world: [GOOGLE SEARCH: Cuban Embargo; Reagan Administration Nicaraguan Embargo]

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefit of trial by jury: [GOOGLE SEARCH: Al Qaeda Guantanamo Retention]

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended offenses: [GOOGLE SEARCH: U.S. Extradition Treaties]

For abolishing the system of law in a foreign province, establishing therein an arbitrary government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into surrounding nations: [GOOGLE SEARCH: U.S. Support For Nation Of Israel; U.S. Support For Israeli Security; U.S. Economic/Military Aide To Israel; U.S. Creation of Panama]

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable laws, and altering, fundamentally, the powers of our government [GOOGLE SEARCH: Alien Sedition Act; USA PATRIOT ACT; Pre-Emptive Invasion of Sovereign Nation]

For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. [GOOGLE SEARCH: U.S. Military In Afghanistan; U.S. Military/C.I.A. In Iraq; U.S. Annexation Of Hawaii; U.S. Occupation of Puerto Rico/Vieques]

The United States of America has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of its protection, and waging war against us. [GOOGLE SEARCH: USA Patriot Act; Tax Cut For Rich; Enron Debacle; Savings And Loan Debacle]

The United States of America has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. [GOOGLE SEARCH: U.S. Claims On Caribbean Mineral Rights; Operation Iraqi Freedom; Colonial Slave Trade; American Savage Capitalism]

The United States of America has supported large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. [GOOGLE SEARCH: Nicaraguan Contras; East Timor Massacre; Jonas Savimbi/UNITA;

The United States of America has constrained our fellow citizens to bear arms against their own country, to become the executioners of their friends, and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands. [GOOGLE SEARCH: U.S. Puppet Governments; Vietnam War; U.S. Support Of Paramilitary Groups In Latin America]

The United States of America has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, merciless savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. [GOOGLE SEARCH: U.S. Involvement With Venezuela Coup; U.S. Support Of Israeli Invasion Of Lebanon; Sabra/Shatila Massacre; Iraqi Kurds Uprising; Iraqi Shiites Rebellion; ]

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have we been wanting in attention to our American brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of attempts made by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of our circumstances. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace, friends.

We, therefore, as World Citizens, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name, and by the authority of the good people of the world, solemnly declare, that these people and their nations are united, and of right ought to be, free and independent: that we are absolved from all allegiance to the United States of America, and that all political connection between us and America is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that, as free and independent people and nations, we have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent peoples and nations may of right do. And, for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our monies, and our sacred honor.++



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